12 seasons colour analysis comprises four main seasons – Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter. These are further divided into three sub-seasons each, resulting in twelve seasons in total. On the basis of the flow theory, all sub-seasons flow into each other forming a full circle.
In this section, you can learn more about each sub-season and access the comprehensive guide for each one.
Spring is the season of renewal, painting the natural world in fresh, blooming colours. Consequently, Spring features are warm, bright, and light, giving Springs an overall luminous and fresh appearance.
The Spring season is subdivided into three sub-seasons: Bright Spring, True Spring, and Light Spring.
Bright Spring is the combination of bright and warm. This sub-season flows into Spring from Winter, which tints skin, hair, and eyes neutral-warm. The most prominent characteristic of Bright Spring is the clearness of the features, which gives them a bright, luminous, and fresh appearance.
To reflect the naturally clear colouring of this sub-season, Bright Spring colours are extremely saturated and bright, only rivalled in their vibrancy by Bright Winter.
True Spring is the combination of warm and bright. This sub-season is the warmest of the Spring family, and therefore skin, hair, and eyes have a very warm, sunny colouring. There is no trace of coolness in the appearance of a True Spring and like the other Spring sub-seasons, they look fresh and glowing.
This sub-season does not tolerate cool and muted colours and thus True Spring colours are intensely warm and quite saturated reminiscent of colouring pencils.
Light Spring is the combination of light and warm. This sub-season flows from Spring into Summer and therefore has some of the typical Summer softness in the features. In addition, skin, hair, and eyes are neutral-warm but are even lighter than those of the other two Spring sub-seasons.
So as not to overpower the delicacy of this sub-season, Light Spring colours are the lightest and least intense of the Spring family, but the palette is colourful like a box of sweets.
Summer is the season of long days in the sun coupled with a gentle, cooling breeze coming from the waterside. The intense sunlight paints the natural world in delicate colours. Consequently, Summer features are cool, light, and muted, giving Summers an overall gentle and delicate appearance.
The Summer season is subdivided into three sub-seasons: Light Summer, True Summer, and Soft Summer.
Light Summer is the combination of light and cool. This sub-season flows into Summer from Spring, which tints skin, hair and eyes neutral-cool and makes this Summer type brighter than the other two. And since all features are similarly light, the level of contrast between them is very low.
To match the gentle but brighter appearance, Light Summer colours are light and delicate but still fairly colourful like ice cream flavours.
True Summer is the combination of cool and muted. As the coolest sub-season of the Summer family, the features lack any form of warmth. Instead, they are overlaid with a coolness that is gentle not frosty. Similarly, their features are contrasted but in a gentle manner and not extremely.
This sub-season does not tolerate warm and bright colours and hence True Summer colours are very cool and toned down like a dive into cold water.
Soft Summer is the combination of muted and cool. This sub-season flows from Summer into Autumn, tinting skin, hair, and eyes neutral-cool. Soft Summer has the softest colouring of the already muted Summer family. The features are gently greyed out, giving Soft Summers a gentle, blended appearance.
Soft Summers don't tolerate brightness at all, and their colours are therefore extremely toned down so as not to overwhelm their delicate colouring.
Autumn is the season of harvest and shorter, foggy days, which envelope the natural world in hazy, rich colours. Consequently, Autumn features are warm, muted, and dark, giving Autumns a rich but toned down appearance.
The season Autumn is divided into three sub-seasons: Soft Autumn, True Autumn, and Dark Autumn.
Soft Autumn is the combination of muted and warm. This sub-season flows into Autumn from Summer, which tints skin, hair and eyes neutral-warm. Soft Autumn has the softest colouring of the already muted Autumn family. The features are gently greyed out, giving Soft Autumns a gentle, blended appearance.
Soft Autumns don't tolerate brightness at all, and the colour palette is therefore extremely toned down so as not to overwhelm their delicate colouring.
True Autumn is the combination of warm and muted. Being the warmest sub-season of the Autumn family, True Autumn features have a rich colouring, which may appear saturated because of its warmth, but it's muted. This sub-season has the richest appearance out of the Autumn family.
Like Autumn foliage, the True Autumn colour palette comprises rich, earthy colours, which appear very saturated because of their warmth (but they are not).
Dark Autumn is the combination of dark and warm. This sub-season flows from Autumn into Winter, tinting skin, hair, and eyes neutral-warm. Another effect of Winter is the higher contrast between the features and the increased brightness compared to the other two Autumn sub-seasons.
The warm colours of the True Autumn palette become deeper and slightly brighter on the Dark Autumn colour palette reminiscent of spices.
Winter is the season of extreme contrast, with long nights plunging the natural world into darkness and white snow covering the ground. Consequently, Winter features are cool, bright, and dark, giving Winters a highly contrasted, brilliant appearance.
The Winter season is divided into three sub-seasons: Dark Winter, True Winter, and Bright Winter.
Dark Winter is the combination of dark and cool. This sub-season flows into Winter from Autumn, which makes skin, hair, and eyes neutral-cool. Dark Winters are recognised by the deep colouring of hair and eyes set against a very light skin. Their colouring is the darkest out of the Winter family.
To reflect the high value contrast in Dark Winters' colouring, the Dark Winter palette comprises very light and very dark colours with the typical Winter brilliance.
True Winter is the combination of cool and bright. Being the coolest sub-season of the Winter family, True Winter features are overlaid with a frost-like coolness. Like the other two Winter sub-seasons, True Winters have a highly contrasted, brilliant appearance but with added coolness.
To match the coolness in the natural colouring, the True Winter colour palette boasts both light, icy pastels and dark, bright colours to achieve a high contrast.
Bright Winter is the combination of bright and cool. This sub-season flows from Winter into Spring, which tints skin, hair, and eyes are neutral-cool. Like Bright Spring, the most prominent characteristic is the clear appearance of the features. Their brilliance is striking and cannot be overlooked.
Bright Winter colours are extremely bright and vibrant, as any less extreme colour would not be enough for their intense, saturated appearance.